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CBSE or the Central Board of Secondary Education is a national-level board of education and examination which is managed by the Union Government of India. It is the most preferred and chosen educational board amongst most schools in India.

This board has a comprehensive syllabus and a well-planned out exam pattern. The New Education Policy introduced in 2020 has brought in a lot of changes in the board's structure. It focuses a lot on self-learning, giving students to right to choose their subjects across streams and has also opened doors for CBSE online learning.

There are two CBSE board classes that are very important in the board's curriculum and they are:

CBSE Class 10

In Class 10, is when a student appears for a board exam for the very first time. This is the first step towards their career and hence these board exams need to be taken with optimum preparation. Hence, it is important that students strengthen their basic and foundational concepts before taking the exams. It is vital for students to understand every concept clearly to ensure their understanding of all concepts is clear as the material taught in class 10 aids them in their future studies and ultimately their career.

This is usually where both the students and the parents start looking for CBSE coaching classes that would help the student study and excel. Technology has now made this much simpler, innovative and effective. Gone are the days when students had to travel through half the city to take tuitions. Today EdTech platforms that provide CBSE board online classes have made life simpler for students. They not only save time but also save money by providing online classes at the student’s convenience and in most people’s budgets. EdTech platforms like GuruQ have been instrumental in giving students access to the best tutors for all subjects in all kinds of budgets. GuruQ tutors offer one-on-one personal online and offline classes that every student can completely customize to suit their learning needs and speed, help solve sample papers, and provide detailed notes for all CBSE subjects, and a lot more through online classes.

CBSE Class 12

Another year that forms the foundation of a student's future is class 12. This is another year of board exams where they take exams of the subjects from the streams of their choice. These are the subjects that peeked their interest and that they believe will be a stepping stone in their career paths. Marks obtained in this exam help students get in to colleges of their choice as most college admissions in India solely depend on cut-off marks. Various competitive exams too include questions that are part of the class's syllabus.

Students at this stage should not leave behind anything when it comes to understanding the study material and preparing for the exam. Learning the right way and from the right tutors becomes essential here.

The CBSE board exams for the 12th standard require a lot of practice. So, it is important that students choose only those offline or online coaching classes that provide all the resources needed for the preparation. GuruQ’s tutors provide private tuition classes to help students understand topics, clear their doubts and ensure practice sessions for solving CBSE sample and mock test papers, and of course eventually score very high in the exams. So instead of searching on the internet for things like CBSE tuition near me, all one has to do is download the GuruQ App and choose the tutor most suitable to them.

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CBSE Exams Pattern & Grading System

As per the latest CBSE exam pattern, the assessment of students will be done in two areas i.e.

  • Scholastic
  • Co-scholastic

The academic year is split into two sessions i.e. Formative and Summative Assessments

Formative Assessment (FA):

Through this assessment, the students are observed on a regular basis regarding their progress in academics. It includes conversations, projects, class-work, visual testing, assignments, class test, homework, practical, quizzes, oral testing, etc. These formative assessments are purely informal, however, the date and time of test will be announced beforehand. These assessments will be conducted in the regular periods of concerned subjects.

Summative Assessment (SA):

This assessment test is the final assessment of the student’s performance. This assessment will be conducted twice a year, at the end of each term in the form of a proper pen and paper-based test conducted by the schools themselves.

All the internal and the external assessments will be made in marks. However, the overall results will be given in grades. The final report card of students will reflect only the grades.

For Class 1 to Class 5

The CBSE exam pattern for class 1 to 5 is same and the grades given are on 5 point scale. The grades will be based on a student’s performance in all the 6 exams (4 FAs and 2 SAa).

The current grading system with CBSE exam pattern for class 1 to 5 is discussed in the table given below:

Grades Range Remarks
A* 90% to 100 % Outstanding
A 75% to 89 % Excellent
B 56% to 74 % Very Good
C 35% to 55 % Good
D Below 35 % Scope for Improvement

For Class 6 to Class 9

The CBSE board exam structure for Class 6 to 9 consists of Term 1 and Term 2. The detailed exam structure for the two terms is described in the tables below.

CBSE (Class 6 – 9) Term 1 Term 2
Subjects Language 1, 2, & 3, Maths, Science, Social Science, other subjects Language 1, 2, & 3, Maths, Science, Social Science, other subjects
Period Assessment (PA) 10 marks 20 marks
Notebook submissions 5 marks 5 marks (at term end)
Sub – enrichment 5 marks (at term end) 5 marks (at term end)
Half yearly exam (Term 1) / Yearly exam (Term 2) 80 marks 80 marks
Total marks 100 marks 100 marks
Grade Marks Grade Points
A1 91-100 10
Period Assessment (PA) 10 marks 20 marks
A2 91-90 9
B1 71-80 8
B2 61-70 7
C1 51-60 6
C2 41-50 5
D 33-40 4
E1 21-30 0
E2 520 and below 0

For Class 10

Solving CBSE Sample Papers will give students an idea of exam pattern, marking scheme etc. Moreover, they can also time their preparation level.

The Central Board of Secondary Education shortly known as CBSE conducts the board exams for class 10th and 12th students every year. The exams are held mostly in February/March. The CBSE results are announced by the end of May. After the declaration of the result, board releases the answers of the questions papers which are called as CBSE Marking Scheme. Marking Scheme is released for all the subject papers of class 10 and class 12.

The board had reduced the CBSE syllabus of class 10 and 12 by 30%. Due to which, there is some change in the paper pattern. So, students are advised to go through the sample papers and marking scheme 2021 to understand the latest changes made in the exam pattern. It will also give a good idea of the board paper and help them prepare effectively for the board exam.

CBSE Marking Scheme will help students to understand how the marks are allocated to each steps for a particular question. By knowing this, they get to know the importance of answering a question in steps. This helps students in improving their answer writing skills.

The Following examples will help students to understand marking Scheme.

CBSE Class 10: Subjects - Maths (Basic and Standard)

This question paper contains two parts A and B.

Part – A:

# It consists of two sections- I and II

# Section I has 16 questions. Internal choice is provided in 5 questions.

# Section II has four case study-based questions. Each case study has 5 case-based sub-parts. An examinee is to attempt any 4 out of 5 sub-parts.

Part – B:

# Question No 21 to 26 are Very short answer Type questions of 2 mark each.

# Question No 27 to 33 are Short Answer Type questions of 3 marks each.

# Question No 34 to 36 are Long Answer Type questions of 5 marks each.

# Internal choice is provided in 2 questions of 2 marks, 2 questions of 3 marks and 1 question of 5 marks.

CBSE Class 10: Subjects – Science
Sections No. of Questions Marks per Question Total Marks
Section A 20 Qs 1 Mark 20
Section B 6 Qs 2 marks 12
Section C 7 Qs 3 Marks 21
Section D 3 Qs 5 Marks 15
CBSE Class 10: Social Science
Sections No. of Questions Marks per Question Total Marks
Section A 6 Qs 1 Mark 26
Section B 6 Qs 3 marks 18
Section C 4 Qs 4 Marks 16
Section D 5 Qs 5 Marks 25
Section E 1 Qs 5 Marks 5
CBSE Class 10: English Language and Literature
Part Types of Qs Marks
A Reading 20
Literature 10
Grammar 10
B Writing 10
Literature 30

For Class 12

CBSE class 12 marking scheme is the guide that is used for allocating the marks to the candidates.
Every year CBSE releases the marking scheme for the class 12 students in the official site.

Marking scheme for a subject is the answer key that contains the step by step marking of each answer. The CBSE evaluate the answer sheet of the students based on this marking scheme.

For the academic year 2020-21, the board has reduced the class 12 syllabus by 30%. This change has been done by noticing the situation of widespread of coronavirus worldwide.

Based on the revised syllabus, the board has made certain changes in the paper pattern. They have also released the CBSE Class 12 Sample Papers 2021 along with the marking scheme on the official website.

These sample papers will help students in understanding the question paper design, marks distribution and difficulty level of the paper. It will also give an idea of the actual question paper and help them prepare effectively for the exam.

CBSE Class 12: Subjects - Maths (Basic and Standard)
No. Units Marks
i Relations and Functions 8
ii Algebra 10
iii Calculus 35
iv Vectors and Three – Dimensional Geometry 14
v Linear Programming 5
vi Probability 8
Total 80
Internal Assessment 20

Students must note that figures and conclusion statements carry marks.

The Maths question paper 2021 will contain 2 parts as shown below. Both parts will have choices. Time duration of 3 hours will be given to all students to attempt the Maths question paper of 80 marks.

Part – A:Objective Type Questions: 24 Marks

Part – B:Descriptive Type Questions: 56 Marks

Part – A:

# It consists of two sections – I and II.

# Section I comprises of 16 very short answer type questions.

# Section II contains 2 case studies. Each case study comprises of 5 case-based MCQs. Students have to attempt any 4 out of 5 MCQs.

Part – B:

# It consists of three sections – III, IV and V.

# Section III comprises of 10 questions of 2 marks each.

# Section IV comprises of 7 questions of 3 marks each.

# Section V comprises of 3 questions of 5 marks each.

# Internal choice is provided in 3 questions of Section – III, 2 questions of Section IV and 3 questions of Section-V. Students have to attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.

The way of question paper (Typology of Questions) is design as

Remembering: Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers. (55 % Weightage)

Applying: Solve problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way. (25 % Weightage)

Creating: Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions. (20 % Weightage)

CBSE Class 12: Subjects – Physics

Written: Evaluation Scheme
Unit No. Name of Unit Marks
Unit I Electrostatics 16
Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Fields
Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Unit II Current Electricity
Chapter 3: Current Electricity
Unit III Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism 17
Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism
Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter
Unit IV Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Chapter 6: Electromagnetic Induction
Chapter 7: Alternating Current
Unit V Electromagnetic Waves 18
Chapter 8: Electromagnetic Waves
Unit VI Optics
Chapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter 10: Wave Optics
Unit VII Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 12
Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Unit VIII Atoms and Nuclei
Chapter 12: Atoms
Chapter 13: Nuclei
Unit IX Electronic Devices 7
Chapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
Total 70
Practical: Evaluation Scheme
Two experiments 8+8 Marks
Practical Record [Experiments and activities] 7 Marks
Viva on experiments and activities 7 Marks
Total 30 Marks

The way of question paper (Typology of Questions) is design as

Remembering: Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers. Understanding: Demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating main ideas (38 % Weightage)

Applying: Solve problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way. (32 % Weightage)

Analysing: Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations. Evaluating: Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas, or quality of work based on a set of criteria.

Creating: Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions. (30 % Weightage)

Section Type of Questions No. of Questions Marks per Question
A Short Answer Question and Assertion Reasoning MCQs 14 1 Mark
B Case Based Questions 2 4 Marks
C Short Answer Questions 9 2 Marks
D Short Answer Questions 5 3 Marks
E Long Answer Questions 3 5 Marks

Steps to Check the Class 10 and 12 Marking Scheme (Subject /Paper Wise)

Step 1: Visit the official website of CBSE (http://cbseacademic.nic.in)

Step 2: Under ‘Sample Question Paper’ tab, click on the “SQP 2020-21”.

Step 3: The CBSE marking scheme for class 10 and 12 will be displayed.

Step 4: Select the class by clicking on the link.

Important Fact & Information

Number of Schools
24340
INDEPENDENT
81.6%
GOVT.
10%
AIDED
1%
NVS
2.6%
KVS
4.8%
Number of Teachers
977856
TGT
32%
PRT
30%
PGT
19.6%
OTHERS
10.6%
NTT
1.1%
PET
1.9%
PRINCIPAL
1.9%
VICE PRINCIPAL
0.7%
WELLNESS TEACHER
0.4%
HM
0.1%
SPECIAL EDUCATOR
0.5%
GUEST TEACHER
0.2%
Number of Students
22580213
CLASS 1
6.8%
CLASS 2
7.2%
CLASS 3
7.4%
CLASS 4
7.4%
CLASS 5
7.4%
CLASS 6
8.9%
CLASS 7
8.9%
CLASS 8
8.9%
CLASS 9
10.6%
CLASS 10
9.6%
CLASS 11
7.1%
CLASS 12
9.7%

CBSE Board Exam Syllabus

It is important for students to know the board exam syllabus, it is an important study resource. Before the academic session starts, students should have an overview of what they are going to study in their session. By this, students can also keep a track of the contents they have covered and the ones that are left. You can access your syllabus here